Canoeing is a sport which involves racing in a small boat with a single-bladed paddle. Race categories vary by the number of athletes in the boat, the length of the course, and whether the boat is a canoe or kayak.

Canoeing is recognised by the Commonwealth Games Federation as a sport which has potential for inclusion in future Commonwealth Games. By becoming a 'category two' sport, canoeing is now eligible for inclusion by prospective cities within their selection of up to seven additional sports. The earliest Games in which canoeing could have been included in was at the 2018 Gold Coast Games.